Research: EV Owners’ Charging Options

This post covers the standard EV charger types that are utilized by EV drivers, including their voltage, price and range delivered.

There are around 41,400 EV charging stations in the United States. Of these, 1,043 are Level 1 (120 volts), 41,871 are Level 2 (240 volts), and 5,281 are DC Fast chargers (200-600 volts). Americans use these charging stations at home overnight, in public while they shop, and at work, provided the option.

EV owners do more than 80% of their charging at home (, meaning their EVs are plugged into a 120 volt charger that is waiting in their garages a majority of the day (8-11 hours overnight). These Level 1 chargers cost anywhere from $100-500, with the possibility of an additional few hundred dollars for an electrician to install them. Level 1 chargers provide 3.5 to 6.5 miles of travel for every hour plugged in, and are primarily made for drivers who commute around 40 miles daily. There is one common standard for Level 1 chargers, SAE J1772, which fits popular models like the Chevy Volt, Nissan Leaf and Tesla Model S.

Level 2 chargers are more common in commercial workplace settings, and usually deliver between 14 to 35 miles of travel per hour of charge. The common standard for Level 2 chargers is also SAE J1772. Level 2 charging stations typically cost around $1,000 for at-home units, and can be in the tens of thousands for public, commercial use. The EV ARC that GreeInvest LLC utilizes in Lancaster, PA has a base model that costs anywhere from $60-90,000.

DC Fast chargers are the quickest mode of charging available on the market, and are present at restaurants, recreational areas and shopping centers where drivers tend to spend a half-hour or hour period visiting. DC Fast chargers generally provide 178 miles of travel per 30 minutes of charging. DC Fast chargers have a price tag that ranges from the thousands to tens of thousands of dollars